Cosmos and the tired myth Print
Word on Fire
Written by Fr. Robert Barron   
Thursday, Mar. 27, 2014 -- 12:00 AM

Seth MacFarlane, well known atheist and cartoonist, is the executive producer of the remake of Cosmos, a television series which recently made its national debut.

The first episode featured, along with the science, an animated feature about the 16th century Dominican friar Giordano Bruno, who was burned at the stake by Church officials. A statue of Bruno stands today in the Campo de’ Fiori in Rome on the spot where he was put to death.

In MacFarlane’s cartoon, Bruno is portrayed as a hero of modern science, and Church officials are, without exception, depicted as wild-eyed fanatics and unthinking dogmatists.

Here we go again

As I watched this piece, all I could think was . . . here we go again. Avatars of the modern ideology feel obligated to tell their great foundation myth over and over, and central to that narrative is that both the physical sciences and liberal political arrangements emerged only after a long twilight struggle against the reactionary forces of religion, especially the Catholic religion.

Like the effigies brought out to be burned on Guy Fawkes Day, the bugbear of intolerant and violent Catholicism has to be exposed to ridicule on a regular basis.

I feel obliged, once more, to expose the dangerous silliness of the view that Catholicism and modern sciences are implacable foes.

Founders had Church education

It is by no means accidental that the physical sciences in their modern form emerged when and where they did, that is to say, in the Europe of the 16th century.

The great founders of modern science — Copernicus, Galileo, Tycho Brache, Descartes, Pascal, etc. — were formed in Church-sponsored universities where they learned their mathematics, astronomy, and physics.

Moreover, in those same universities, all of the founders would have imbibed the two fundamentally theological assumptions that made the modern sciences possible, namely, that the world is not divine — and hence can be experimented upon rather than worshipped — and that the world is imbued with intelligibility — and hence can be understood.

I say that these are theological presumptions, for they are both corollaries of the doctrine of creation. If God made the world in its entirety, then nothing in the world is divine; and if God made the world in its entirety, then every detail of the world is marked by the mind of the Creator.

Without these two assumptions, the sciences as we know them will not, because they cannot, emerge.

Argument for the existence of God

In fact, from the intelligibility of the universe, the young Joseph Ratzinger (later Pope Benedict XVI) constructed an elegant argument for the existence of God. The objective intelligibility of the finite world, he maintained, is explicable only through recourse to a subjective intelligence that thought it into being.

This correspondence, in fact, is reflected in our intriguing usage of the word “recognition” (literally, to think again) to designate an act of knowledge. In employing that term, we are at least implicitly acknowledging that, in coming to know, we are re-thinking what has already been thought by the creative intelligence responsible for the world’s intelligibility.

If Ratzinger is right, religion, far from being science’s enemy, is in fact its presupposition.

Secularist ideologues will relentlessly marshal stories of Hypatia, Galileo, Giordano Bruno, and others — all castigated or persecuted by Church people who did not adequately grasp the principles I have been laying out. But to focus on these few exceptional cases is grossly to misrepresent the history of the relationship between Catholicism and the sciences.

Catholic clerics’ contributions

May I mention just a handful of the literally thousands of Catholic clerics who have made significant contributions to the sciences?

  • Do you know about Fr. Jean Picard, a priest of the 17th century, who was the first person to determine the size of the earth to a reasonable degree of accuracy?
  • Do you know about Fr. Giovanni Battista Riccioli, a 17th century Jesuit astronomer and the first person to measure the rate of acceleration of a free-falling body?
  • Do you know about Fr. George Searle, a Paulist priest of the early 20th century who discovered six galaxies?
  • Do you know about Fr. Francesco Grimaldi, a Jesuit priest who discovered the diffraction of light?
  • Do you know about Fr. George Coyne, a contemporary Jesuit priest and astrophysicist, who for many years ran the Vatican Observatory outside of Tucson?

Can we please, once and for all, dispense with the nonsense that Catholicism is the enemy of the sciences? When we do, we’ll expose the Seth MacFarlane telling of the story for what it really is: not scientific history but the basest sort of anti-Catholic propaganda.

Fr. Robert Barron is the founder of the global ministry, Word on Fire, and is the rector/president of Mundelein Seminary near Chicago. He is the creator of the documentary series, Catholicism and Catholicism: The New Evangelization. His documentaries have been awarded an esteemed Christopher Award for excellence. Learn more at